free and hanseatic city of hamburg

free and hanseatic city of hamburg

Stay up to date on some of the important events happening in the world today. Enter your search terms:. The economic center of Germany and its second largest city, Hamburg is the nation's busiest port and its major industrial city. Manufactures include copper, vegetable and mineral oils, machinery, electrotechnical goods, and cigarettes.

Geographic indicators Total area September Metropolitan area 5,, Hamburg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany after Berlin and 8th largest city in the European Union with a population of over 1.

One of Germany's 16 federal states, it is surrounded by Schleswig-Holstein to the north and Lower Saxony to the south. Hamburg is Europe's third-largest port. Hamburg is the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. In , Viking ships sailed up the River Elbe and destroyed Hamburg, at that time a town of around inhabitants. Valdemar II of Denmark raided and occupied Hamburg in and in In , an allegedly forged letter was presented to or by the Rath of Hamburg.

This charter, along with Hamburg's proximity to the main trade routes of the North Sea and Baltic Sea, quickly made it a major port in Northern Europe. This was the first time in history that the word hanse was used for the trading guild of the Hanseatic League. In , the solicitor of the senate of Hamburg, Jordan von Boitzenburg , wrote the first description of civil, criminal and procedural law for a city in Germany in the German language, the Ordeelbook Ordeel : sentence.

This is considered the first constitution of Hamburg. In , the city embraced Lutheranism, and it received Reformed refugees from the Netherlands and France.

When Jan van Valckenborgh introduced a second layer to the fortifications to protect against the Thirty Years War in the seventeenth century, he extended Hamburg and created a "New Town" Neustadt whose street names still date from the grid system of roads he introduced.

Upon the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in , the Free Imperial City of Hamburg was not incorporated into a larger administrative area while retaining special privileges mediatised , but became a sovereign state with the official title of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg.

The city of Hamburg has a hanseatic history of trade, autonomy and economic power, but also of hardship and war. Residents About Hamburg About Hamburg. Close About Hamburg.

Reconstruction took more than 40 years. After periodic political unrest, particularly in , Hamburg adopted in a semidemocratic constitution that provided for the election of the Senate, the governing body of the city-state, by adult taxpaying males.

Other innovations included the separation of powers, the separation of Church and State, freedom of the press, of assembly and association. Hamburg became a member of the North German Confederation — and of the German Empire — , and maintained its self-ruling status during the Weimar Republic — Hamburg acceded to the German Customs Union or Zollverein in , the last along with Bremen of the German states to join. The city experienced its fastest growth during the second half of the 19th century when its population more than quadrupled to , as the growth of the city's Atlantic trade helped make it Europe's second-largest port.

Hamburg was the departure port for many Germans and Eastern Europeans to emigrate to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Trading communities from all over the world established themselves there. A major outbreak of cholera in was badly handled by the city government, which retained an unusual degree of independence for a German city.

About 8, died in the largest German epidemic of the late 19th century, and the last major cholera epidemic in a major city of the Western world. In Nazi Germany — , Hamburg was a Gau from until During the Second World War , Hamburg suffered a series of Allied air raids which devastated much of the city and the harbour. Thousands of people perished in these densely populated working class boroughs. The raids, codenamed Operation Gomorrah by the RAF , killed at least 42, civilians; the precise number is not known.

About one million civilians were evacuated in the aftermath of the raids. While some of the boroughs destroyed were rebuilt as residential districts after the war, others such as Hammerbrook were entirely developed into office, retail and limited residential or industrial districts. These were all directed to Ghettos in Nazi-occupied Europe or to concentration camps.

Most deported persons perished in the Holocaust. On 10 June the Reichssicherheitshauptamt dissolved the Reichsvereinigung by a decree. From to , the Beatles launched their career by playing in various music clubs like the Star Club in the city.

On 16 February , a North Sea flood caused the Elbe to rise to an all-time high, inundating one-fifth of Hamburg and killing more than people. Since German reunification in , and the accession of several Central European and Baltic states into the European Union in , the Port of Hamburg has restarted ambitions for regaining its position as the region's largest deep-sea port for container shipping and its major commercial and trading centre.

On 31 December , there were 1,, people registered as living in Hamburg in an area of There were , women and , men in Hamburg. For every 1, females, there were 1, males. In , there were 19, births in Hamburg of which In the city, the population was spread out, with In , there were 1,, households, of which The average household size was 1.

Hamburg residents with a foreign citizenship as of 31 December is as follows [43]. Since large-scale standardization of the German language beginning in earnest in the 18th century, various Low German-colored dialects have developed contact-varieties of German on Low Saxon substrates.

Originally, there was a range of such Missingsch varieties, the best-known being the low-prestige ones of the working classes and the somewhat more bourgeois Hanseatendeutsch Hanseatic German , although the term is used in appreciation. However, the former importance of Low German is indicated by several songs, such as the famous sea shanty Hamborger Veermaster , written in the 19th century when Low German was used more frequently.

Many toponyms and street names reflect Low Saxon vocabulary, partially even in Low Saxon spelling, which is not standardised, and to some part in forms adapted to Standard German.

Less than half of the residents of Hamburg are members of an organized religious group. In , According to the publication "Muslimisches Leben in Deutschland" Muslim life in Germany estimated , Muslim migrants counting in nearly 50 countries of origin lived in Hamburg in There are several mosques , including the Ahmadiyya run Fazle Omar Mosque , which is the oldest in the city, [50] the Islamic Centre Hamburg , and a Jewish community.

The city of Hamburg is one of 16 German states , therefore the Mayor of Hamburg 's office corresponds more to the role of a minister-president than to the one of a city mayor.

As a German state government , it is responsible for public education, correctional institutions and public safety; as a municipality, it is additionally responsible for libraries, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply and welfare services. Since , the seat of the government has been the Hamburg Rathaus Hamburg City Hall , with the office of the mayor, the meeting room for the Senate and the floor for the Hamburg Parliament.

Hamburg is made up of seven boroughs German: Bezirke and subdivided into quarters German: Stadtteile. There are localities German: Ortsteile. The urban organization is regulated by the Constitution of Hamburg and several laws. The last large annexation was done through the Greater Hamburg Act of , when the cities Altona , Harburg and Wandsbek were merged into the state of Hamburg.

The boroughs are not independent municipalities: their power is limited and subordinate to the Senate of Hamburg. The borough administrator is elected by the Borough Council and thereafter requires confirmation and appointment by Hamburg's Senate. Georg , St. Pauli , Steinwerder , Veddel , Waltershof and Wilhelmsburg. Altona is the westernmost urban borough, on the right bank of the Elbe river. From to , Altona was under the administration of the Danish monarchy. Altona was an independent city until Harburg lies on the southern shores of the river Elbe and covers parts of the port of Hamburg, residential and rural areas, and some research institutes.

Hamburg has architecturally significant buildings in a wide range of styles and no skyscrapers see List of tallest buildings in Hamburg. Churches are important landmarks, such as St Nicholas' , which for a short time in the 19th century was the world's tallest building.

Jacobi and St. Catherine's covered with copper plates, and the Heinrich-Hertz-Turm , the radio and television tower no longer publicly accessible. The many streams, rivers and canals are crossed by some 2, bridges , more than London , Amsterdam and Venice put together.

The town hall is a richly decorated Neo-Renaissance building finished in Europe's largest urban development since , the HafenCity , will house about 10, inhabitants and 15, workers. The plan includes designs by Rem Koolhaas and Renzo Piano. The many parks are distributed over the whole city, which makes Hamburg a very verdant city. The Stadtpark , Hamburg's "Central Park", has a great lawn and a huge water tower, which houses one of Europe's biggest planetaria.

The park and its buildings were designed by Fritz Schumacher in the s. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. Categories : Hanseatic League Hamburg Imperial free cities. Hidden categories: Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters Articles containing German-language text Geography stubs. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. Consisting of two half-timbered brick buildings on either side of a narrow courtyard, it was built as a series of dwellings for the widows of shopkeepers and is the only surviving 17th-century construction of its kind in the city.

It was destroyed by fire in , rebuilt, devastated again during World War II , and restored yet again after the war. The prosperous years — brought an abundance of fine architecture, examples of which can be seen in the spacious and elegant patrician houses around the Aussenalster. Many of these are now occupied by consulates.

More recently Hamburg has acquired its quota of starkly functional modern buildings, such as the Congress Centrum Congress Centre; opened and the Fernsehturm Television Tower , Thus the townscape of Hamburg as a whole has a human quality lacking in many German cities.

Hamburgcity and Hanseatc statelocated free and hanseatic city of hamburg the Elbe River in northern Germany. It is also the most populous city in Germany after Berlin and has one of the largest and busiest ports in Europe. Hamburg, nonetheless, is yamburg cosmopolitan city in its outlook. Although comparatively few foreigners live there, many pass through it. The city has dealings with a large number of nations, and it has more consulates than any other city in the world, except New York City. These are among the attractions that have contributed to a growing tourist industry. Although it was badly damaged during World War II, Hamburg free and hanseatic city of hamburg succeeded in maintaining a free and hanseatic city of hamburg of old-world grace alongside its thriving commercial life. Free and hanseatic city of hamburg stands at the northern extremity of the lower Elbe valleywhich at that point is between 5 hamburv 8 miles 8 and 13 km wide. Two other rivers flow into the Elbe at Hamburg—the Alster from the north and the Bille from the east. The nucleus free and hanseatic city of hamburg the city is the Altstadt Old Townthe former medieval settlement, bounded by the harbour and by a string of roads that follow the line of the old fortifications. Fire has destroyed almost all the older residences and warehouses, and what was left untouched by conflagration has often been rebuilt for contemporary purposes. There are, however, a few scattered survivals of older buildings. Moreover, the layout of the old city centre can still be detected in some of the ancient street names and in the Fleete free and hanseatic city of hamburgwhich connect the Alster with the docks on the Elbe. Around the latter are elegant suburbs such as Rotherbaum, Harvesterhude, and Uhlenhorst. Many waterways, navigable by pleasure boats, run into the Aussenalster. The last intact ensemble of traditional Hamburg architecture is to be found in the Deichstrasse, one side of which free casino slots no download no registration onto the Nikolai canal. Its tall, hanseatoc houses, free and hanseatic city of hamburg those of Amsterdam free and hanseatic city of hamburg, were originally built from the 17th through free adobe after effects logo reveal templates 19th century. It was in one of them, number 42, now a restaurant, that the devastating fire of broke out. Afterward the houses were rebuilt in the old style. Today the street is a protected area, and in recent years it has undergone extensive restoration. Many traditional restaurants are found there. Another survival of older architecture is in the Krameramtswohnungen, near Sankt Michaelis. Consisting of two half-timbered brick buildings on either side of a narrow courtyard, it was built as a series of dwellings for the widows of shopkeepers and is the only surviving 17th-century construction aand its kind in the city. It was destroyed by fire inrebuilt, devastated again during World War IIand restored yet again after the war. The prosperous years — brought an abundance of fine architecture, examples of which can be seen in the spacious and elegant patrician houses around the Aussenalster. free and hanseatic city of hamburg Hamburg or in full Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (German: Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg), is a city in the north of Germany on the banks of the River​. Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. Freie Hansestadt Hamburg is a City-State and the largest port city in Germany. It is located on the River Elbe and is culturally. The Free and Hanseatic City (Freie und Hansestadt) of Hamburg is the second smallest of the 16 Länder of Germany, with a territory of only square miles. The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is both a municipality and a city-state within the Federal Republic of Germany. There is no distinction between these. The Senate represents the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg in dealing with the other federal states, the federal government and other countries. Activities. A city of northern Germany on the Elbe River northeast of Bremen. Founded by Charlemagne in the early ninth century, the city quickly grew in commercial. häm´bo͝orkh [key], officially Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg (Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg), city ( pop. ), coextensive with, and capital of. Hamburg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany after Berlin and 8th largest city in the European Union with a. Speicherstadt · NullProzent © flickr. Hamburg (English: /ˈhæmbɡ/, German: [​ˈhambʊʁk];), officially the. Hamburg is Europe's third-largest port. One of Germany's 16 federal states , it is surrounded by Schleswig-Holstein to the north and Lower Saxony to the south. The senators get appointed by the First Mayor and thereafter they need to get elected by Hamburg Parliament. A result obtained from a specialist medical laboratory shall be considered a medical certificate. Russian forces under General Bennigsen finally freed the city in Hamburg has nine twin towns and sister cities around the world. Roman Catholics. Hamburg has one of the fastest-growing tourism industries in Germany. Brunswick Magdeburg. The approval may be subject to conditions, in particular with regard to the number of attendants, place, duration and manner of holding of implementation. The professional judges of the other courts are appointed by the senate according to a nomination of a committee. Section 16 Accommodation 1 When providing overnight accommodation in tourist establishments, in holiday homes, on campsites and in other facilities, the following requirements must be met: the general hygiene requirements according to section 5 apply; contact details must be collected according to section 7; collectively used saunas must be kept closed; for swimming pools, section 20 4 applies accordingly; dormitories must not be provided for more than 4 persons; tourists must confirm in writing that they have not stayed in an area in which, according to the Robert Koch Institute, the number of new coronavirus infections exceeds 50 per , inhabitants in the previous 7 days. They play at the Volksparkstadion average attendance in the 12—13 season was 52, The team lives on through their former second team now their main team in the third division and in second division since free and hanseatic city of hamburg