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diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia

diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia

The risk of suffering from low blood sugar is increased by drinking alcohol. Diabetic ketoacidosis DKA is a very serious complication of type 1 diabetes. It is always a medical emergency and requires rapid medical attention to prevent further damage to a patient, if left untreated it can potentially lead to death. DKA occurs when there is not enough insulin in the body to supply sugars to the body's cells.

In order to give its cells enough energy to survive, the body begins to produce acidic ketone bodies which are then used to feed energy to the cells. Download as PDF Printable version. Glucose levels vary before and after meals, and at various times of day; the definition of "normal" varies among medical professionals.

Sustained higher levels of blood sugar cause damage to the blood vessels and to the organs they supply, leading to the complications of diabetes. Chronic hyperglycemia can be measured via the HbA1c test. Defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both, results in hyperglycemia. Chronic hyperglycemia can be measured by Clinical urine tests which can detect sugar in the urine or microalbuminuria which could be a symptom of diabetes [26].

Treatment of hyperglycemia requires elimination of the underlying cause, such as diabetes. Acute hyperglycemia can be treated by direct administration of insulin in most cases. Severe hyperglycemia can be treated with oral hypoglycemic therapy and lifestyle modification.

In diabetes mellitus by far the most common cause of chronic hyperglycemia , treatment aims at maintaining blood glucose at a level as close to normal as possible, in order to avoid serious long-term complications. This is done by a combination of proper diet, regular exercise, and insulin or other medication such as metformin , etc. Those with hyperglycaemia can be treated using sulphonylureas or metformin or both. These drugs help by improving glycaemic control.

A medicine called Metformin is often prescribed, which works by helping the fat and muscle cells of the body listen to the signal from insulin to take up sugar from the blood. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hidden categories: Disambiguation pages with short descriptions All article disambiguation pages All disambiguation pages.

Too low blood glucose is called hypoglycemia. It can also cause acute complications. If too low, diabetics can have many symptoms such as sweating, trembling, anger or feeling passive , and possibly even passing out. Diabetics with hypoglycemia may be confused or even unconscious.

They may appear to have drank too much alcohol. Severe hypoglycemia is very dangerous and can cause death. The best treatment of hypoglycemia is avoiding it. If it happens, eating food containing glucose for example, table sugar usually improves the condition quickly. Sometimes it is treated by giving an injection of a medicine called 'glucagon'.

Glucagon is a hormone made by the pancreas. It has the opposite effect of insulin. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa. Accessed Jan. Diabetes in Pregnancy: Management of diabetes and its complications from preconception to the postnatal period.

National institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases. US NIH. Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 12 March Robbins Basic Pathology 8th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. American Diabetes Association. Archived from the original on 14 February Retrieved 24 April McGraw-Hill Medical. Ganong's review of medical physiology 24th ed. Harper's illustrated biochemistry 29th ed. Cape Town: Juta. Geneva: World Health Organization. Annals of Internal Medicine.

Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 29 January Archived PDF from the original on 11 May Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality : 1— Archived from the original on 16 September Retrieved 20 July European Journal of Internal Medicine.

The Nutrition Source. Harvard T. Chan School of Public Health. Archived from the original on 25 April Retrieved 30 August Clinical guideline Type 2 diabetes.

London, Current Diabetes Reports. January May Diabetes Care Professional society guidelines. For example, if wishing to have more than normal carbohydrates for dessert, one could cut back on potatoes in one's first course. The exchange scheme was revised in , , and Not all diabetes dietitians today recommend the exchange scheme. Instead, they are likely to recommend a typical healthy diet: one high in fiber, with a variety of fruit and vegetables, and low in both sugar and fat, especially saturated fat.

A diet high in plant fibre was recommended by James Anderson. In , Nathan Pritikin opened a centre where patients were put on programme of diet and exercise the Pritikin Program. This diet is high on carbohydrates and fibre, with fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. A study at UCLA in showed that it brought dramatic improvement to a group of people with diabetes or pre-diabetes in three weeks, so that about half no longer met the criteria for the disease.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Diet that is recommended for people with diabetes mellitus or high blood glucose. This article needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources. Please review the contents of the article and add the appropriate references if you can.

A diabetic diet is a diet that is used by people with descargar virtual dj home free 7 mellitus or high blood sugar to minimize symptoms and dangerous complications of long term elevations in blood sugar i. For overweight and obese people diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia diabetes, the most important aspect of any diet is that it results in loss of body fat. The most agreed-upon recommendation is for the diet to be wikopedia in sugar and refined carbohydrates, while relatively high in diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia fiberespecially soluble fiber. Likewise, people with diabetes may be encouraged to reduce their intake of carbohydrates fifty shades freed full movie uncut have a high glycemic index Diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopediawikipediz the ADA and Diabetes UK note that further evidence for this recommendation is needed. People with diabetes can eat any food that they want, preferably a healthy diet with some carbohydratesbut they need to be more cognizant of the carbohydrate content of foods and avoid simple sugars like juices and sugar sweetened beverages. For people wi,ipedia on insulin injections both type 1 and some type 2 diabeticsit is helpful to eat a consistent amount of carbohydrate to make blood sugar management diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia. To date there is no consensus that eating a diet consisting of any particular macronutrient composition i. Studies in diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia space tend to be observational as opposed to experimentalrelatively short in duration, and have relatively poor compliance due to the difficulty of controlling the diets of study diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia at all hours of the day for extended periods of ffee. Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and fiber. These foods have the greatest impact on blood sugar levels as once they are consumed they are broken down into sugars that absorbed in the small intestine. The American Diabetes Association ADA does not recommend a specific amount of carbohydrate consumption for diabetic diets. The ADA also addresses the glycemic index and glycemic load of foods as they pertain to diabetics, but they decline to make specific recommendations due to the unclear clinical utility. Benefits diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia be obtained by consumption of dietary fiber. There is some evidence that consuming dietary fiber may help control blood sugar levels; however, the ADA does not recommend any different goals for fiber intake for diabetics compared to non-diabetics. The ADA does not make a specific recommendation about the total amount of fat that diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia be consumed by enccylopedia on a daily basis. At this time the ADA does not have a specific recommendation for dietary cholesterol intake. Historically, diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia has been concern about the level of protein consumption in individuals who have diabetes induced kidney disease; however, there is no evidence that low protein diets improve kidney function. For type 1 diabetics, there is a lack of definitive evidence of the usefulness of low-carbohydrate diets due to limited study of this topic. A low-carbohydrate diet gives slightly better control of glucose metabolism than a low-fat diet in type 2 diabetes. The ADA say low-carbohydrate diets can be useful to help people with type 2 diabetes lose weight, but that these diets were poorly defined, difficult to sustain, unsuitable diabstes certain diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia of people and that, for diet composition in general, "no single approach has been proven to be consistently superior". They recommend that carbohydrates in a diet should come from whole food sources such as "vegetables, legumesfruits, dairy milk and yogurtand whole grains"; highly-refined foods and sugary drinks should be avoided. Although vegan and vegetarian diets can vary greatly in the type of food consumed as well as the macronutrient profile of the diet, they are often lumped together in the context of the scientific. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics maintains that well formulated vegetarian and vegan diets can be healthy and diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia adequate for people of all ages. diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia Diabetes mellitus. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. There is another disease that is. The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to diabetes mellitus Outline of diabetes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Overview of and topical guide to diabetes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Look up Diabetes, diabetes, or diabètes in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Diabetes usually refers to diabetes mellitus, a group of metabolic diseases in which a person. Diabetes mellitus type 2 (or adult-onset diabetes) is a metabolic disorder where Usually, blood sugar levels are regulated by insulin, but in type 2 diabetes this​. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Wikipedia glossary. See also: Diabetes (disambiguation). The following is a glossary of diabetes which explains terms connected with diabetes. Contents Acetohexamide: A pill taken to lower the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. People with. 3D medical animation still of Type 1 Diabetes showing insulin production in a diabetic patient and in normal condition. Diabetes mellitus type 1, also called type 1. A diabetic diet is a diet that is used by people with diabetes mellitus or high blood sugar to From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to. Hyperglycemia is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia is usually caused by low insulin levels (Diabetes mellitus type 1). WHAT is INSULIN? INSULIN is not a cure for TYPE ONE DIABETES, but it sure is nice for keeping us. Archived from the original on In type 1 diabetes, symptoms generally develop over a few days or weeks, though may take longer in adults. World Journal of Clinical Cases. Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention. Journal of Affective Disorders. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, and a significant proportion is diagnosed during adulthood. Glucose is not regular sugar that is available in stores and supermarkets. Because of the damage caused by high blood glucose, it is important to treat diabetes mellitus. They must check their feet for cuts, bruises, blisters, and so on at least every day. Main article: Insulin therapy. Mayo Clinic. diabetes mellitus wikipedia the free encyclopedia